Trump’s State of the Union Address
Please note this blog post was published over 12 months ago and so may not include the most up-to-date information, for example where regulation around investing has changed.
During the Great Depression Franklin D. Roosevelt unleashed a massive programme to get the US economy back on track. His major aim was to create jobs. The series of programmes he initiated were described as the ‘New Deal’ and are credited with bringing back prosperity to the US and the world.
President Donald Trump also has grand ambitions. He casts himself as the ‘Real Deal’ and this week he gave his second State of the Union address to Congress. The address, meant to give an update on progress and to outline political priorities, allowed Trump to make several sweeping statements about his successes.
The media loves Trump because he offers them so many opportunities to pour scorn, to make fun of and to offer moral judgements upon. It’s not our job to jump on political bandwagons. Therefore, we have looked at 3 specific statements made during his address to see how his claims stack up versus reality.
Claim number 1: “Wages are rising at the fastest pace in decades”
In the chart below we can see wages growing since Trump entered office in 2017. Presently they are growing at 3.4% year over year. This is 1% faster than two years ago. However, prior to the financial crisis in 2008 wages were growing at a faster clip, surpassing 4%. Hence, the statement he is making is slightly exaggerated.
What Trump fails to mention is what really matters to people, wages keeping pace with inflation i.e. what we call real wage growth, after deducting inflation.
In the early stages of taking office wage growth kept pace with inflation, leaving US workers not much better off, but through 2018 inflation began to ease back. This is better news for him and projections, represented by dotted lines in the same chart, indicate continued improvement in real wage growth.
Trump has been vociferous in calling for lower oil prices. Lower fuel prices, act like a tax cut, increasing money in consumer’s pockets and leading the prices for goods and services cheaper. Whether low oil prices can be sustained is another matter but for now the trend is helpful with real wage growth expected to maintain positive.
US Wage Growth and Inflation
Source: Bloomberg, February 2019
Claim number 2: “We have created 5.3 million new jobs and importantly added 600,000 new manufacturing jobs”
Not too far from the truth although the claim is exaggerated. The Bureau of Labour Statistics reports that in two years the economy has added 454,000 manufacturing jobs not 600,000 as stated. That said 4.9 million jobs in total have been created pushing the overall unemployment rate to the lowest level since 1969. It is also an impressive figure for manufacturing jobs considering it took President Barack Obama over 7 years to create 900,000 jobs in the same sector.
The job surge is most likely the result of falling oil prices and an economy supercharged by the effects of fiscal stimulus i.e. corporate and personal tax cuts and the repatriation of overseas revenues from large international firms. It is fair to say that the improvement shown by the labour market is connected to Trump intervention and policy.
US Manufacturing jobs
Source: Bureau of Labour Statistics, February 2019
Claim number 3: “The US economy is growing almost twice as fast today as when I took office”
Almost True. Economic growth at the time Trump took office was 1.8%, reasonable growth for sure. The latest reading of 3.4% is much better, but to exactly match his claim growth should be 3.6%. Therefore, shall we say, he has over reached slightly.
Trump over excitedly described growth as “amazing” and “these numbers are very sustainable, this isn’t a one-time shot”. Economists on the other hand take a more cautious line expecting growth to moderate.
The effect of the $1.5trn tax cuts in 2018 is expected to begin to diminish so the President will be looking at every angle to up the ante. One example is his recent spat with Jerome Powell, Chairman of the US Federal Reserve Bank, saying Powell’s decision to raise rates was crazy (he said “loco” which is Spanish for crazy). In the intervening period the Federal Reserve has become more dovish in relation to interest rate policy with the market now scaling back expectations for further interest rate rises.
Is Trump the real deal?
Trump entered office with very different policies compared to virtually any US President. A clear mandate in his own mind to “make America Great”. He has ditched the rule book causing great controversy internationally and with US voters. His ‘State of the Union’ appears to have done little to build bi-partisanship and there is little doubt Trump has his eye firmly on the 2020 Presidential campaign. He threw down the gauntlet with comments about socialists (a term of mistrust in the US), aimed directly at his rival Democrats with the aim of discrediting them in the eyes of voters.
Whilst we cannot yet know the true effectiveness of his policies, economic results so far are impressive; just not as impressive as he would have everyone believe!
Time will tell how his story will end.